U.S. Swings Dominate Recent Volatility in Service Sector PMI Spread

U.S. Swings Dominate Recent Volatility in Service Sector PMI Spread

August 3, 2016

A see-saw pattern in the U.S. non-manufacturing PMI since April has caused the spread between such and the eurozone services purchasing managers index to exhibit trendless volatility. The differential equaled +2.6 in both April and July.  But in between, the spread was -0.4 in April by +3.7 points in May. With above-50 readings in July of  55.5 and 52.9, respectively, conditions in the service sector improved in both the United States and Euroland.

The U.S. PMI fell a full 1.0 point from June to July due mainly to a 1.3-point deterioration in the jobs component. But it remained above 50 and above Euroland’s score, implying a faster improvement in the States.

All four reporting members of the eurozone had service sector PMIs of at least 50, although in France’s case the margin of improvement was minuscule with a reading of 50.3.  The fastest expansion rate belonged to Germany followed by Spain.  But Spain’s PMI was at a 5-month low of 54.1.

PMIs U.S. Ezone U.S. Ezone Sum of
Services Services Spread Mf’g Mf’g Spread Spreads
Jan 2012 56.8 50.4 +6.4 54.1 48.8 +5.3 +10.9
Feb 56.1 48.8 +7.3 51.9 49.0 +2.9 +10.2
March 55.0 49.2 +5.8 53.3 47.7 +5.6 +11.4
April 53.7 46.9 +6.8 54.1 45.9 +8.2 +15.0
May 54.1 46.7 +7.4 52.5 45.1 +7.4 +14.8
June 52.7 47.1 +5.6 50.2 45.1 +5.1 +10.7
July 52.9 47.9 +5.0 50.5 44.0 +6.5 +11.5
August 54.3 47.2 +7.1 50.7 45.1 +5.6 +12.7
Sept 55.2 46.1 +9.1 51.6 46.1 +5.5 +14.6
October 54.8 46.0 +8.8 51.7 45.4 +6.3 +15.1
November 54.8 46.7 +8.1 49.9 46.2 +3.7 +11.8
December 55.7 47.8 +7.9 50.2 46.1 +4.1 +12.0
Jan 2013 55.2 48.6 +6.6 53.1 47.9 +5.2 +11.8
February 54.8 47.9 +8.1 53.1 47.9 +5.2 +13.3
March 54.5 46.4 +8.1 51.5 46.8 +4.7 +12.8
April 53.8 47.0 +6.8 50.0 46.7 +3.3 +10.1
May 54.0 47.2 +6.8 50.0 48.3 +1.7 +8.5
June 53.4 48.3 +5.1 52.5 48.8 +3.7 +8.8
July 55.9 49.8 +6.1 54.9 50.3 +4.6 +10.7
August 57.9 50.7 +7.2 56.3 51.4 +4.9 +12.1
Sept 54.5 52.2 +2.3 56.0 51.1 +4.9 +7.2
October 55.1 51.6 +3.5 56.6 51.3 +5.3 +8.8
November 54.1 51.2 +2.9 57.0 51.6 +5.4 +8.3
December 53.0 51.0 +2.0 56.5 52.7 +3.8 +5.8
Jan 2014 54.0 51.6 +2.4 51.3 54.0 -2.7 -0.3
February 52.5 52.6 -0.1 54.3 53.2 +1.1 +1.0
March 53.7 52.1 +1.6 54.4 53.0 +1.4 +3.0
April 55.3 53.1 +2.2 55.3 53.4 +1.9 +4.1
May 56.1 53.2 +2.9 55.6 52.2 +3.4 +6.3
June 56.3 52.8 +3.5 55.7 51.8 +3.9 +7.4
July 57.9 54.2 +3.7 56.4 51.8 +4.6 +8.3
August 58.6 53.1 +5.5 58.1 50.7 +7.4 +12.9
Sept 58.1 52.4 +5.7 56.1 50.3 +5.8 +11.5
October 56.9 52.1 +4.8 57.9 50.6 +7.3 +12.1
November 58.8 51.1 +7.7 57.6 50.1 +7.5 +15.2
December 56.5 51.6 +4.9 55.1 50.6 +4.5 +9.4
Jan 2015 56.7 52.7 +4.0 53.5 51.0 +2.5 +6.5
February 57.1 53.7 +4.4 52.3 51.0 +1.3 +5.7
March 56.9 54.2 +2.7 52.3 52.2 +0.1 +2.8
April 57.5 54.1 +3.4 51.6 52.0 -0.4 +3.0
May 55.9 53.8 +2.1 53.1 52.2 +0.9 +3.0
June 56.2 54.4 +1.8 53.1 53.1 0.0 +1.8
July 59.6 54.0 +5.6 51.9 52.4 -0.5 +5.1
August

Sept

October

58.3

56.7

58.3

54.4

53.7

54.1

+3.9

+3.0

+4.2

51.0

50.0

49.4

52.3

52.0

52.3

-1.3

-2.0

-2.9

+2.6

+1.0

+1.3

November

December

Jan 2016

February

March

April

May

June

July

56.6

55.8

53.5

53.4

54.5

55.7

52.9

56.5

55.5

54.2

54.2

53.6

53.3

53.1

53.1

53.3

52.8

52.9

+1.7

+1.6

-0.1

+0.1

+1.4

+2.6

-0.4

+3.7

+2.6

48.4

48.0

48.2

49.5

51.8

50.8

51.3

53.2

52.6

52.8

53.2

52.3

51.2

51.6

51.7

51.5

52.8

52.0

-4.4

-5.2

-4.1

-1.7

+0.2

-0.9

-0.2

+0.4

+0.6

-2.7

-3.6

-4.2

-1.6

+1.6

+1.7

-0.6

+4.1

+3.2

Copyright 2016, Larry Greenberg.  All rights reserved.  No secondary distribution without express permission.

Tags: U.S. and Ezone PMI spreads




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